seat learnedRecently, I was inspired to think about my "journey" in discovering an effective (enough) seat that has allowed me to progress further than I ever thought possible in my own riding. I've harped on riding from your seat before (see the links at the end of this article), but thinking back, I remember how I went through so many realizations as I progressed.

Here are some of the lessons learned over the years as I focused on developing my seat. 

  • You use muscles you didn't even know you had.

I'm not exaggerating! If you're not used to riding from the seat, the muscles you might feel the next few days are deep in your lower abs. Hard to access but evidently clear after a good ride!

  • Your seat is more than just your "seat".

The seat includes everything from above your knee to your hips. Your lower back helps a lot too.

  • The lower back is essential in freeing up your seat.

Speaking of which, if you have a stiff lower back, you'll tend to have a hard time using your seat effectively and in control. Place one hand in the small of your back to help isolate the region which needs to release and contract as your horse moves.

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  • You can develop nerve endings in interesting places.

As you become used to riding from the seat, you will develop an ability to "feel" the horse - his back, the movement of his hind legs, how round or hollow he is, and even the quality of your contact. Don't ask me how it happens. I was as surprised as you will be!

  • Your seat bones can be awfully strong when used correctly.

Try putting a hand under your seat bone while your horse is walking. First off, you'll know if your seat bone is really moving with the horse. But also, you might actually feel the effect of your seat bone. Dressage saddles are designed to help your horse feel the seat bones through the tree, but really, all the saddles will allow similar communication regardless of style.

  • You can walk on your seat bones much like you walk on your legs.

Have you ever tried that? As the horse walks, "walk" on your seat bones. Don't sway your hips side to side though - step forward and back in each seat bone in rhythm with the horse's belly swing.

  • The horse really appreciates being ridden from the seat.

My mare, Annahi, was the first horse to "tell" me about it. She changed so much, so dramatically, after my first few attempts, that I was sold immediately. In those early stages, "finding my seat" was quite difficult though, so I would be effective for a few strides and then not again for quite a while.

  • You can see the results of the effective seat more than you can see the seat being used.

The seat aid is mostly a feeling between you and your horse. While it is a definite aid and you certainly can use it intentionally, it would be difficult for an observer on the ground to actually see what you did with your seat. However, the horse's response is clearly evident when you know what to look for. 

  • The seat aids must follow and reinforce the leg aids.

If you're used to using your legs and then waiting for the horse to respond, you'll find it difficult at first to activate your seat. But if you work at it, you'll see that your seat has the ability to embellish your leg aids like nothing else. 

  • There is more than just one way to use your seat.

There is the passive seat, the driving seat, the restricting seat, the light seat, the heavy seat. I'm sure there's more. Each takes time to develop.

  • You can shape your horse's outline from your seat better than from your hands.

It doesn't matter how hard you pull or crank or grab with the hands - the "roundness" of a horse comes from your ability to shape the horse's energy - you guessed it - through the seat.

  • The seat can control the horse's tempo in a given gait.

It's not about the hands. (Did I say that already?) Regulate your horse's footfalls by either going with the horse or resisting for just a moment longer to slow the legs. You'll be amazed at how easily a horse will respond if you can be aware of your own tempo.

  • You can use both seat bones together at the same time, or alternate left-right, or focus mainly one just one.

Well, this took me about two years to master well enough to be able to do it at will. I'm not sure if it takes everyone that long, but it took a lot of concerted effort on my part to be able to "separate" my seat bones at the right time, in the right way. But I'm here to tell you that it can be done, and both you and your horse will be happier for it. Then your communication can be even more precise.

  • You can invite your horse to swing in the back by lifting your seat.

If you swing in your back, your horse will have an easier time swinging in his back. I'm not sure if "lifting your seat" is the best way to describe it, but it isn't exactly like you lighten the seat (as in, perch or hover over the top of the saddle). You actually suck your seat up into your body in such a way that you invite the horse's back to come up and forward with the energy created by the hind end. Difficult to learn initially but again, you will reap rewards once you find it.

  • The seat helps you maintain quieter aids.

The more developed seat is the one that can balance the rest of the body as the horse moves. People often speak of developing an "independent seat" - which means that it can "talk" to the horse without causing a disruption of the other aids. Developing a quiet and independent seat is a prerequisite for being able to turn down the strength of your hands, legs and upper body.

  • There is no replacement to being lunged to develop a good seat.

I hate to tell you, but this is the truth. There's a reason that the "famous" riding schools lunged their students on experienced school masters. We don't get to see much of lunging these days, but if you are lucky enough to have a horse and instructor willing to do it, jump at the chance! You should be able to develop a basic, secure seat with just one lesson a week over a six month period. It's that powerful. If you can do more, it's time well spent.

  • You can never finish developing your seat.

I guess it's like anything that takes a lifetime (or two) to master. You will happily celebrate each level of achievement as you develop your seat, but deep down, you'll realize especially as you become better that there is so much left for you to learn and discover.

This last point is probably the most important. Like many other things related to horses, there is no end to the levels you can get to, especially when it comes to riding with the seat. I know I'm at a certain level of effectiveness when it comes to riding from the seat. I also know that I have a whole lot more to learn. (Can I have the second lifetime after I'm done with this one??). I've watched even Grand Prix level riders improve in their seat over the years - I don't think you ever stop learning. 

Do you have anything to add to the list? Where are you in your "seat journey"?

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Read more about the seat here:

Why Would You Bother To "Scoop" Your Seat Bones? Without a deep, effective seat, your hands and legs will never become “independent” of the torso, and thereby they will always unintentionally interfere with the horse’s movement.

Three Ways To Use Your Seat In Horseback Riding: Do this with your seat; do THAT with your seat. Why the fixation on the riding seat?

6 Ways To Unleash The Power Of Your Riding Seat: As you become more subtle in the aiding process, you will begin to discover just how powerful the seat can be in guiding the horse without disturbing and interfering in his movement.

The Benefits Of Cantering Round And Round The Ring: Hint - it helps you develop your seat.

What To Do When Your Horse Pulls:  “Pulling” is something that is absolutely under your control and something you can change if you focus on your aids and timing.


  1. As I have gotten older (and stiffer), it has gotten harder to ride effectively with my seat……..but riding with your seat is the ONLY way to go! I have even managed to convince my Chiropractor that riding with my seat improves MY back movement!

    1. Hi Joanne. Late to the article, but as I’m sit trotting on the getting stiffer/getting older saddle right next to ya’ I thought I might add what’s worked for me in the past year after a 25 year break from dressage.

      I found a little stretch routine (12 mins) on YouTube which has really helped my pelvic flexibility and stability: “Fun Beginners Dance Workout For Weight Loss – At Home Cardio Exercise Dance Routine” by PsycheTruth. Really freed up my pelvis and gave me back my more youthful seat!

      Also, I sit on a large balance ball for 12 minutes and flick my pelvis front back, side-to-side and round-and-round for 12 minutes whilst I pretend I’m sit trotting. This has completely changed my pelvic stability and after a few days could immediately get back to a long, deep seat.

      Just a thought. All the best.

  2. I love how you break down the aspects of riding. You are my favorite armchair coach