short stride vs long strideIt sounds simple, doesn't it?

Just pull back on the reins and the horse will stop trotting. But there are a lot of small details in there that might be overlooked. For example, you might notice the rider yanking back and the horse's mouth opening wide.

You might be able to see the neck come up in an upside-down arch, and the back drop into a hammock-like position.

The most obvious problem that can be visibly identified is the hind legs. When the transition is problematic, the hind legs literally get left behind. The striding is short and the legs seem to be stuck together, causing an imbalance that then gets transmitted to the front end. The horse "falls to the forehand".

There are many alternate aids we can go to, especially for a downward transition. Here are three steps to develop a balanced trot-walk transition with minimal rein pressure:

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1. Half-Halt

Several steps before you want to do the downward transition, do three of four half-halts. IN the rhythm of the trot, use a light leg aid to encourage the horse to reach further underneath the body with his hind legs. Then go like this: half-halt, half-halt, half-halt. The half-halt comes mainly from your back and seat, followed by light squeezes from your already closed hands. Brace your lower back and seat against the trot movement. If you are posting in your trot, do the bracing when you sit in the saddle.

2. Walk With Your Seat

Immediately after the half-halt, sit into the walk. Your seat should resist any more trot movement, but also change its rhythm to a walk rhythm. Once your horse knows to expect the change in your seat, he will easily switch his legs to a walk when he feels the walk from your seat. 

At this point, if you think using a voice cue would be beneficial, use a low, calming tone to "walk". At some point, though, you want to see if your horse is responding to your riding aids rather than just the voice.

3. Follow Through

If he still goes through your seat and half-halt aids, momentarily close your legs and knees to support the bracing from your back. Push down into your stirrups.

As a last resort, use the reins. But keep in mind that...

Every pull backwards on the reins prevents the horse's hind legs from reaching underneath the body. 

(Click here to tweet that if you agree.)

But there is more to it.

The ideal transition should simply and easily flow from one gait to the other.

4. Just One More Thing...

Many horses tend to "flop" into the downward transition. Some horses fall heavily to the forehand and eventually change gaits; others simply like to quit. Those are the horses that lurch into the walk, with little effort put into supporting their weight from the hind end.

Ideally, the energy should continue at the same level, irrespective of the gait. So whether the horse is trotting or walking, there should be the same amount of fluidity to the movement.

To ensure continued movement, don't stop your seat when the horse breaks to the walk. Add enough leg aid to keep the energy flowing forward

Instead, without skipping a beat, swing your seat from the trot into the walk, within the movement of one horse stride. Go with the same commitment and flow as the trot. Encourage with your leg aids if needed, and expect your horse to switch just as easily from the trot to the walk.

Don't be discouraged if you can't get it right away. Instead, practice the "flow" at every opportunity and soon enough, you'll notice that your horse isn't getting stuck in his downward transitions. Then, be sure to pat him to thank him for his efforts!


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 You might also enjoy:

How to Halt Without Pulling on the Reins: There is a way to get your horse to stop without pulling on the reins.

Stepping Out of Rein Lameness: Often, problems caused by riding can be fixed with riding. It is just a matter of knowing what to do in order to counteract the problems.

Breaking the Cycle: It Might Not Be What You DID Do…: … but rather what you DIDN’T do!

The Pinnacle of Horseback Riding: Riding toward the ultimate release – this is the stuff riders dream of.

Ride Backwards, But Ride Effectively! Although the rider had developed the correct “look”, the horse was telling a different story.


  1. Don’t forget to put your leg on. Transitions need to be forward, even if they are downward!

  2. Brace is the enemy of both horse and rider. The last two sentences in 1. Half-Halt could be rephrased to emphasise resistance with fluidity, rather than resistance with stiffness, which brace suggests to me. just my thoughts 🙂

  3. I have always had a problem with this transition because I have never been able to correctly use my seat due to my horse’s extremely bouncy trot. I’m always getting in trouble, so to speak, cause I stand and pull. I know it’s wrong…any suggestions on how to sit a bouncy trot? Thanks!