Photo Credit: NBanaszak Photography

Listening to your horse is such an important part of riding and horse ownership. In fact, the rider who is ignorant of the messages her horse sends is missing out on sometimes vital information. Knowing how to understand and correctly interpret the signs and behaviors of your horse allows you to know when something is off. The feedback you get from your horse can inform everything from general health care, to training and conditioning programs, to your horse's mental well-being.

How can you learn to listen effectively, in a way that positively affects your horse? Here are a some ideas.

1. Body Condition

When you become familiar with the way your horse looks, you will notice very small changes in your horse's body condition - even from one day to another. Does your horse's body look a little lean? Maybe it's time to increase hay or grain just a bit. Is your horse a bit rolly-poly? Cut back! How about when you notice super tight muscles? Maybe you'll be in for a bit of a wilder ride that day! Is the horse tucked in the flank area? That can be a warning for gut problems or some sort of discomfort. Consistently evaluate your horse's body condition to identify how he feels and what he needs - on a daily basis.

2. Herd Dynamics

HL Five Years
HL Bundle
HL Goal Setting
HL Book 3
HL Book 2
HL Book 1

Take a few minutes when you go to catch your horse, or alternately, when you turn him back out into the herd. How does he interact with his herd mates? Does he have any favorite pals that he spends time with regularly? How does he negotiate his way around the herd hierarchy?

Once you know what "normal" is, you will be able to tell when something just doesn't seem right. If your horse is usually a member of the crowd, finding him all alone at the back of the field might indicate that something is just not right.

3. Weather Conditions

Does your horse turn on his "inner stallion" when the temperature drops 20 degrees overnight? When you head to the barn, do you notice his that ample topline muscles dissolved overnight thanks to the chill in the air?

Then today might be the day that you should lunge him before you ride! (Trust me - I have the T-short on this one!) Or conversely, what happens to your horse with a 20 degree increase? Does he want to have nothing to do with exercise while he's sweating just standing still? Maybe this is the day you hose him off after a shorter ride and leave him inside during the highest heat of the day.

4. Distractibilty

Some days, your horse might want to do more "TV watching" than ride. Rather than respond to your aids, he's looking left/right/straight - focussing attention everywhere except where you want it! In this case, you might need to change your riding plans. Do more "pop quizzes" and be more active in your own riding. Insist on more suppleness. Slow down his leg speed if he is running. Do something different to challenge him and get his attention.

5. Body Language

Horses rely mainly on body language to communicate with each other. The signals are fairly consistent among all horses, so if you can learn to understand the behaviors, you will know exactly where you stand in your mini-herd of two.

For example, if you approach your horse and he turns his head away, you know that he isn't completely comfortable with your approach. When you notice him getting out of your space, step back and invite him back. Given enough repetition and time, your horse will learn first, that you have no aggressive intentions when you walk up to him, and second, that he can step into your personal space. This fairly simple exchange develops your horse's trust in you.

6. While Riding

After you ride the same horse for a while, you get to know how he feels under regular conditions. So if one day you get on, and all you get is tail swishes or reluctance to move forward, you know this is a sign that he isn't quite right. Maybe your gelding was running around in the field yesterday and is muscle sore now. Or maybe your mare is in heat and not able to move as well as usual. Regardless of the reason, there is no need to push a horse that you know would normally be forward moving and willing. Always consider unusual discomfort as a sign to look into the horse's physical (or mental) needs.

7. Eating Habits

What are your horse's normal eating patterns? Does he wolf his feed down, or does he pick daintily at each and every oat kernel? It is important for you to know these things, because a change in eating behavior is a huge indicator of other impending problems. When you notice something abnormal, be ready to analyze everything from the feed itself to the horse's physical health and mental well-being. Narrow it down by starting with the most obvious first.

These signs are only a few ways that you can learn to "listen" to your horse. The more time you can invest into getting to know your horse, and the more you can educate yourself about riding, horse health and body language, the more you will be able to almost literally understand about your horse. The concept of "horse listening" begins with the human. If we can improve our own knowledge and behavior, we will invariably be able to support our horses so they can be happy, healthy and active well into their old age.

How do you listen to your horse? Comment below.

Finally! The Ultimate Rider-Centered Program!

Ready for something completely different? If you liked what you read here, you might be interested in the new Horse Listening Practice Sessions. 

This is NOT a program where you watch other people's riding lessons. Start working with your horse from Day 1.

Click here to read more and to join one of the most complete programs on the Internet!


Horse Listening

Don’t miss a single issue of Horse Listening! If you like what you are reading, become a subscriber and receive updates when new Horse Listening articles are published!  Your email address will not be used on any other distribution list. Subscribe to Horse Listening by Email

Buy the book for many more riding tips! Horse Listening – The Book: Stepping Forward to Effective Riding

Available as an eBook or paperback.

Horse Listening The Book

What You Ought To Know About Instant Gratification In Horse Riding: There is no such thing! Everyone wants to just jump on and ride, but soon discovers that riding is not as easy as it looks! Find out why riding can be difficult, and what you can do about it.

Softly Determined – A Poem: An elegant poem found long ago on the Internet that encapsulates the riding “path” from a knowledgeable perspective.

Ask 25 Horse People One Questions…: … and get 25 different answers!! What can you do with the variety of opinions rampant in the horse world?

When Do You Start Riding Your HorseThis question was being posed to me by a very respected and horse-wise mentor one day long ago, early in my riding development.

How To Be An Active Horseback Rider (a.k.a. Riding With Intention)What do you do when your ride isn’t going as planned? How do you respond when your horse scoots out from under you, spooks at the horse-killing object, or flat out ignores you?



  1. I absolutely love getting your posts and so look forward to them… I have your book also, but love getting these little gifts in my email ! Thank you so much!

  2. Thank you so much for sharing your posts. I learned from and loved everything that you have posted. I’m not from a dressage background but everything I’ve read, improves and enhances my relationship with my performance show horse. Again, thank you!

    1. Thrilled to hear that the information is helpful for you and your horse. The basics are the basics and good riding is good riding, regardless of discipline. Thanks for reading.

  3. These are such great ideas and so often overlooked by so many riders who feel that the horse should be like the car — just pull it out of the garage when you need it and expect it to perform on demand, every time, without fail.

    I came from that kind of culture, and could not figure out why my horse & I could never make any real progress.

    Now, instead of always trying to dominate my mare, I’m learning to listen. She clearly appreciates it: we’ve made more progress in one year than we had in the previous five.

    Thanks for helping horse people relate better to the animals in their care.

  4. Great post, as always. One of the programs in Daily Strides this week is about having a journal, and writing in it after each ride. I think what you mention in point number 6 is important, and also to notice perhaps why it is so… Thanks for the post 🙂

  5. I love reading your posts and hope you have a moment to answer a question. I have a 21 year old, 16.1 hand German warmblood that I got three years ago. His career as a jumper had ended because of a suspensory injury but he is fine for dressage. I know little about his background but he is obviously well trained, gentle and kind. In the arena he is attentive and happy to connect with and perform. However, when we go on trail rides he is a different horse and hard to connect with. He is not nearly as fun to ride on trails because he wants to eat along the way, which I let him do from time to time, not always. He also wants to race the other horses if they get ahead of him and he is not calm and relaxed as the other horses tend to be. Consequently he is not such a safe ride on the trails. How can I address this with him? Thanks so much for sharing your insight with us.

    1. The only thing I can think of (other than just more lessons in the ring, on developing trust and responsiveness) is to ride with someone who has a super reliable horse. That person should be willing to help you train on the trails – and ride according to your horse’s needs. Her horse should also be a model citizen and help you train your horse. Then you can practice being in front or behind the other horse while you develop control. No grass eating for a while – be absolutely clear. Good luck!

      This might help a bit:

      1. Thank you for your response and linking me to the article. Gray is a dull color. It is me that has been unsure of my self on the trails so I can’t expect my horse to be relaxed if I am not. I have another hurdle to jump but I will get there! I really appreciate your advice and your posts.