half halt backThe term "half-halt" is used in the English riding disciplines, and the Western folks call it a "check". In both cases and regardless of bit type and rein length, the feeling that goes through your body is the same. Because under most circumstances, the half-halt shouldn't start from your hands.

What it's not: 

- a jerk

- a strong and steady pullback

- a taking up of rein followed by a full drop of rein

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- a sideways movement of the reins either left or right or both

- a turning of the wrists downward

Technically, it's not something done by the hand. Although the hand certainly plays a role in the end of the sequence of aids, it shouldn't be where the aids begin. And it can't be active through the beginning, middle and end of the half-halt.

Because just messing around in the horse's mouth isn't where the riding's at! (Click here to tweet if you agree)

The Whole Body Half-Halt

Good riders ride from the body.

They use their seat, their torso, their abs, their legs. They stay tall and supple in their position, and rather than allowing the horse to carry their weight in the mouth (through an unreleasing rein aid), they influence their horse through every other aid possible. The hands become the icing on the cake after the body has done the talking.

In all the cases below, the hands strive to do nothing but stay lightly closed and steady. They should take up the rein contact so that the horse can feel some pressure, but they don't use pressure to cause pain in the mouth. Instead, they work with the torso to send one collaborative message to the horse. The elbows should be on the body, softly bent and allowing or resisting as needed. The rein and the bit in the horse's mouth should be the last part of the aid sequence.

Since we've already talked incessantly about the half-halt, go here to find out what it is and here to figure out how to say "go" and "no" at almost the same moment. This time, I want to take a closer look at where the half-halt actually originates.

1. The Seat

Most half-halts will originate at the seat. This is the area that is in direct contact with the saddle, and the root of our balance and position. By resisting the horse's movement through your seat, you will bring the horse's energy and weight more to his hind end and therefore off his forehand.

So as he goes along, you can either flow along (release) or resist (brace) to stop his forward (and maybe downward) energy. You can tighten through your legs, your thighs and "grip" more with your rear end (!!).

In any case, the horse will feel this through the saddle. His response will come from his back rather than his mouth. Beware of using too strong a seat and stifling the horse's flow of energy. You want to resist for a few strides, in rhythm with the horse's movement, and then release.

2. The Lower Back

You can focus your attention a little higher in your back, to the lumbar area. Rather than gripping with your seat, your back does most of the resisting. In making a slight backward motion in rhythm with your horse's strides, the lower back can send a softer, less demanding half-halt.

Use this starting point for a "ballerina" horse - the one that doesn't need much input and responds quickly and honestly.

3. The Upper Back

This half-halt helps the horse lift the front end more than the others. If you begin your aid from just behind your shoulder blades, you can influence the horse's head height and the amount of weight he is putting on his front legs.

Use this starting point for the "rooters" - the horses that grab the bit and plow down to the ground. It gives you a nice alternative to just slamming the horse in the mouth with the bit. This way, he learns to actually rebalance himself rather than having to deal with pain in his mouth.

4. The Hands

Did I just say that the half-halt shouldn't start at the hands? Well, there might be one time when you can use just finger strength (although your arms are still part of your torso as you move along with your horse).

If your horse is already on your aids, and he feels soft and supple and is confidently moving along, you might want to just not stop your communication with him. You might want to keep the flexion of his head, or softly touch his tongue to prepare for a transition. You might want to just continue "talking" to him so that he doesn't end up tuning you out.

Use your fingers. Keep the same lightly-closed fist, but soften and tighten your fingers within that fist. Some people call it "squeezing a sponge" because that's what it should feel like. Pay close attention and see if you can literally feel the horse's tongue in your fingers.

Just remember that you can't do even this lightest of half-halts without the seat and the body. The hands must be a part of the body's communicating aids and not acting on their own.

So there you have it. I use these half-halt locations interchangeably, depending on the horse and how he feels. I find it helps to zero in on the specific body parts so that you can intentionally send the message you want to send.

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Do you begin your half-halt in a different location? Comment below.

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 Read more about the half-halt and more.

What To Do When A Half-Halt Just Won't Do: How to make a half-halt "go through".

Why A Halt is Not A Vacation - in Horse Riding: Why you shouldn't turn off when you halt.

How to Halt Without Pulling on the Reins: Finding the harmonious halt.

Top 10 Ways to Reward Your Horse: ... while you are riding!

The Art of Slowing Your Horse's Legs Down Without Losing Energy: How to establish a calmer, more reasonable rhythm that will allow your horse to swing more through the back.


  1. Hi, please could you be more specific about “behind the shoulder blade”. Thank you for sharing your very valuable insights, Cathy

    1. I was going to into the post and try to add some more explanation but I think there’s too much to properly explain what I mean. I’ll try to do a post on it later.

  2. One thing I find helpful in the half halt is to gently close the knee and thigh without pinching, whilst keeping the leg long and the heels down. While this does restrict the horse’s movement for a moment, it’s especially helpful for young or insensitive horses.

  3. Hi, I love your very clear article on the half halt. But, imho, I feel you have left out an important point.. and that is the use of the breath. I find it incredibly useful to control my breath at the time of the half halt, as it helps both physically and psychologically. I have experimented a lot with this, and you can almost expedite a half halt with the breath alone. Hope this helps. With kind regards, Debbie Hattan-NazarShah, BHSII.

    1. Debbie, can you please expand on the use of the breath? How do you use your breathing? Thank you.

      1. Sarah, this is how I use my breath: There is a healing technique called Heart Math. One stands balanced. Consciously breathe from the diaphragm in a comfortable rhythm (4s seconds in, 4 out is a guide,) then focus your awareness on filling your heart with your breath.
        Notice, without judgement, how this feels. Think of an act of kindness or a memory of a feeling of comfort. Your heart brain (yes, you have one) will filter and harmonizes the energy that your in-breath carries with the feeling in your heart. Your out-breath delivers the energy of your heart feeling through your body.
        Kindness heals, this is a good enough reason to practice this technique. There are practical applications for this conscious focus of breath to manage energy by consciously choosing a “feel” to follow or project.
        Thoughts, feelings, and doing are inextricably connected. The fastest, most effective way to communicate with your horse is to feel/think (savvy) balance body, collect energy, project focus. The mechanics – posture and movement- will automatically happen without conscious thought.

  4. “When improper half Halting begins, inevitably, eventually it can’t stop” -Kevin Spaeth
    That statement may raise allot of feathers, but there is immense truth in it. BTW, well written article it adds allot of value to people’s quest for understanding.

  5. I want to congratulate you (all) on your website. Very sophisticated discussions. I would like to add to the discussion of “Where does the half-halt start?” I think it starts in the mind. The problem is, it happens faster than we can track. We can, however, think about it outside of time by reading your article and imagining the “feel” of doing it. We can prepare to half-halt by becoming aware in our minds of the behavior. To take this thought one step further – it starts with a desire (heart) to collect, re-balance, and re-focus.

  6. thanks, this website is really helping as my teacher told me a half halt was where you just locked your elbow. And like most very helpful things on your website i am learning more in 10 minutes than in the whole 7 years ive been riding.